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East Patchogue, NY 11772


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Posts for category: Gastroenterology Conditions

By Ravi Singh, MD
August 05, 2021
Tags: diarrhea  

Are you suffering from acute or chronic diarrhea and don’t know how to stop it? Visit your East Patchogue, NY, gastroenterologists of Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates serving Suffolk County, NY, to treat diarrhea as soon as possible.

What is diarrhea?

Diarrhea is a disease characterized by a frequent urge for defecation. The stools in patients who are having diarrhea will be loose and watery. The condition can be acute, lasts for less than two days, or chronic, lasts at least four weeks. Usually, chronic diarrhea is associated with other health conditions or intestinal diseases.

What are the possible causes of diarrhea?

Viral, bacterial, and parasitic infections are common causes of diarrhea. Food allergies and food intolerances can also cause diarrhea in many patients. Another cause of diarrhea is medications. Some medications like antibiotics can irritate the stomach, causing diarrhea. Also, surgeries in the gastrointestinal system may cause the condition.

What are the symptoms of diarrhea?

There are no specific symptoms of diarrhea. Patients may and may not experience these symptoms. However, the watery, loose stools with the frequent need to have a bowel movement are seen in all patients. The following are other symptoms that can be seen:

  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Nausea and bloating
  • Elevated body temperature
  • Dehydration

Dehydration is a serious problem that must be treated immediately. It happens when you leave diarrhea without treatment and is characterized by increased heart rate, tiredness, headache, and dry mucus membranes. Although dehydration is dangerous for all patients, it’s more serious for newborns and infants. If you have diarrhea in Suffolk County, NY, and suspect dehydration, visit our office in East Patchogue, NY, to see your doctor and treat it before any serious health problem occurs.

What are the treatment options for diarrhea?

After diagnosing your condition and detecting the cause of your diarrhea, your doctor will decide the best treatment option for you. For all cases, the treatment of choice is fluid replacement. It is done by drinking water and electrolyte replacement beverages or by getting intravenous fluids. If the cause of your diarrhea is an infection, the physician may prescribe an antibiotic.

Contact us

If you are searching for a gastroenterologist in Suffolk County, NY, who can treat your diarrhea, then call your East Patchogue, NY, office of Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates at (631) 289-0300 to schedule an appointment.

Heartburn is a symptom of acid reflux, a common ailment facing many people today. The gastroenterologists at Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates, located in the city of Patchogue in Suffolk County, NY, can help you with the pain and discomfort of heartburn.

When you have heartburn, the contents of your stomach are traveling back up your esophagus, causing a burning pain in your lower chest. When your heartburn becomes consistent, meaning you are experiencing symptoms more than twice a week, it means you have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). If your GERD is left untreated, it can lead to a more severe condition or be a sign of another underlying health issue. Otherwise, GERD is commonly caused by obesity, smoking, Hiatal hernias, and some medications that can even cause heartburn.

What are the symptoms of heartburn?

A good indicator of heartburn is the feeling of warmth or burning in the chest or throat. You could also feel indigestion or a foul, acid taste in your mouth.

If you experience additional symptoms, such as nausea, lightheadedness, and arm discomfort, this could be a sign of a heart attack, and you should immediately seek medical care.

How is heartburn treated?

For mild heartburn, you may be able to adjust your lifestyle or behavior for symptom relief. Simple changes include:

  • Limiting fat intake
  • Elevating the head of the bed
  • Avoid heavy lifting and straining
  • Avoid eating 2-3 hours before bedtime
  • Avoid alcohol, spicy foods, and acidic foods
  • Weight management
  • Quitting smoking
  • Eat a small meal more frequently instead of a large meal.

When these remedies don't do the trick for your heartburn, the gastroenterologists at Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates in Patchogue, Suffolk County, can help. When you come in for a consultation, you may be prescribed medications to help relieve your heartburn symptoms. These medications include:

  • Antacids
  • H2 blockers
  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPI)

Proton pump inhibitors are the most effective medication and cause fewer side effects than H2 blockers. You and your physician will determine which treatment is best for you.

Occasional heartburn is common, but frequent and regular heartburn is not and should be checked out by a healthcare professional. If you are ready to do something about your heartburn, call Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates in Patchogue, Suffolk County, today for an appointment at (631) 289-0300.

By Ravi Singh, MD
April 26, 2021
Tags: Bloody Stool  

Finding blood in your stool is not enough to diagnose yourself with any condition because several conditions present with this symptom. Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates in East Patchogue, NY, will help you investigate, diagnose, and treat the cause of the blood in your stool.


Hemorrhoids occur due to swelling of rectal or anal blood vessels and are a common cause of rectal bleeding. Itching and pain might accompany bloody stool when you have hemorrhoids.

Pregnancy, constipation, prolonged sitting, and heavy lifting are risk factors for hemorrhoids. Therapy for hemorrhoids includes switching to a fiber-rich diet and using ointments. However, your gastroenterologist at Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates might recommend surgery for enlarged hemorrhoids depending on the severity of your symptoms and size.


Polyps are outgrowths from the wall of your bowel. They can look like a mushroom and when they become bigger, they can bleed when irritated. Colon and rectal polyps can be adenomatous, serrated, hyperplastic, villous adenoma, and inflammatory polyps.

Most polyps are adenomatous and few can turn into cancers. Early detection helps with successful colorectal cancer treatment, which is why the CDC recommends routine colorectal cancer screening for people over 50 years old.

If you see blood in your stool, you should see your Suffolk County, NY, gastroenterologist at Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates to rule out polyps and cancer.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and Ulcerative colitis could be the reason for blood in your stool. After diagnosis, your gastroenterologist may prescribe medication or surgery for your condition.

Anal Fissure

Anal fissures are tears on the anal skin that can introduce blood into your stool. This condition might occur due to constipation or while passing really hard stool. Burning sensation might accompany bleeding when you use the restroom.


Diverticulosis occurs when small pouches, called diverticula, develop in weakened sections of your intestinal wall. The diverticula can bleed when inflamed, causing blood to appear in your stool.

Diverticulitis is the inflammation and infection of these diverticula. it could result in fever and abdominal pain.

Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleed

In some cases, the blood in your stool could be from bleeding in the upper part of your gastrointestinal tract. This gives your stool an almost black color. Your gastroenterologist might give you intravenous fluids, proton pump inhibitors, or perform an endoscopy to identify the bleeding site.

If you pass bloody stool, it's time to set up an appointment with your gastroenterologists at Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates in East Patchogue, NY, by calling (631) 289-0300 to identify and treat the underlying cause.

By Ravi Singh, MD
December 31, 2020

Have you been having difficulty swallowing lately? Your gastroenterologists at Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates in East Patchogue, NY, can offer a diagnosis and provide treatments that will help make swallowing easier.

Common causes of swallowing problems

Difficulty swallowing can be very upsetting, but trouble swallowing doesn't necessarily mean that you have a serious medical condition. Swallowing issues can occur for many reasons, including:

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder (GERD): Trouble swallowing and a lump-in-the-throat sensation can accompany GERD. The condition occurs when stomach acid flows backward in the esophagus, the tube that delivers food to your stomach.
  • Stress: Stress can trigger a variety of physical symptoms, ranging from headaches to nausea to difficulty swallowing.
  • Esophageal Spasms: Spasms in your esophagus may make it hard to swallow.
  • Esophagitis: Inflammation of your esophagus could be the reason you're having trouble swallowing.
  • Herpes: A herpes infection in your mouth, throat or esophagus may be to blame for your swallowing issues.
  • Goiter: A goiter occurs when your thyroid gland becomes enlarged. The goiter presses against your throat, making swallowing difficult.
  • Neurological Disease: Swallowing difficulties may accompany some neurological diseases, such as Parkinson's disease or multiple sclerosis.
  • Damaged Nerve: You may have trouble swallowing if a nerve was damaged during surgery or radiation therapy.
  • Narrowing of the Esophagus: Your esophagus may have narrowed due to an infection, scar tissue, ulcers, or radiation treatment.
  • Dry Mouth: Have you noticed that your mouth is dry when you have trouble swallowing? Saliva helps food pass through your throat easily. If you don't produce enough, you might find that swallowing is a little challenging.
  • Growths: Both non-cancerous and cancerous growths can cause swallowing difficulties.

During your visit to the Suffolk County gastroenterology office, your gastroenterologist may recommend a few tests to determine why you're having difficulty swallowing. Treatments vary depending on the cause of your problem. Medication to relax the esophagus or treat GERD, dilation treatment to enlarge a narrowed esophagus, Botox injections to stop spasms, anti-anxiety medication to reduce stress, or surgery to remove growths are among the treatment options.

When difficulty swallowing becomes a frequent problem, it's a good idea to visit your East Patchogue, NY, gastroenterologists at Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associations. Call (631) 289-0300 to schedule an appointment with their Patchogue office.

By Ravi Singh, MD
November 20, 2020
Tags: Heartburn  

If you have frequent heartburn, don't ignore it. You may have acid reflux disease, or GERD, a serious but manageable GI condition. At Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates, our team of seven gastroenterologists helps many Suffolk County and East Patchogue NY patients manage heartburn. Learn more here.

What is heartburn?

Medline Plus reports that heartburn is really a symptom of an underlying condition called acid reflux. With acid reflux, stomach contents and acid back up into the esophagus, causing pain in the chest and a characteristic burning sensation. Occurring more than twice a week, acid reflux is called GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Left untreated, GERD permanently damages the esophagus, causing problems with swallowing and even a pre-cancerous condition called Barrett's Esophagus. Also, you may feel that food sticks in your throat, or that your throat is continuously sore and your voice hoarse.

We can help

At Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates in Suffolk County, NY, our professional team differentiates common heartburn from acid reflux or GERD. A minimally-invasive test, called endoscopy, visualizes your food pipe and allows your gastroenterologist to take real-time photos and videos of your upper GI tract.

With his findings, he'll put together an effective treatment plan. Managing your heartburn symptoms limits damage to your esophagus and decreases your risk of GI cancer, says Harvard Health.

Managing heartburn

Many people who have heartburn are overweight. A big belly puts pressure on your stomach and the esophageal sphincter. Accordingly, losing weight reduces pressure and relieves heartburn.

Also, your Suffolk County heartburn specialist may advise:

  • Proton pump inhibitors or H2 agonists in pill form to reduce stomach acid
  • Sleeping with your head raised
  • Eating smaller meals more frequently
  • Waiting to exercise after you eat
  • Avoiding heavy meals before bedtime
  • Avoiding fatty and/or acidic foods such as chocolate, tomato sauce, garlic, dairy products, and other foods which increase stomach acid
  • Wear clothing which fits loosely at the waist

Enjoy your best gastrointestinal health

Control heartburn, acid reflux, or GERD. Learn what works for you with the help of the professional team at Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates in Suffolk County and East Patchogue NY. Call for a consultation with one of our caring gastroenterologists. You can feel better. Phone (631) 289-0300 today.

Knowing when to call your Suffolk County, NY, gastroenterologists at Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates can help you avoid unnecessary suffering or even serious health complications. Your doctor can determine the source of your abdominal pain and provide treatments that will relieve your symptoms. Learn more by contacting our office in East Patchogue NY.

Should I call the doctor?

Have you been telling yourself that your pain will go away if you just give it one more hour or day? Abdominal pain is a warning sign that lets you know that something isn't quite right with your gastrointestinal system. Ignoring your symptoms may make your condition more difficult to treat or cause you to become very sick.

It's important to call the Suffolk County gastroenterology office if you notice any of these signs or symptoms:

  • You've had mild or dull pain for a week or longer or moderate pain for a day or two.
  • You have a fever in addition to abdominal pain.
  • You have abdominal pain and have been losing weight even though you aren't on a diet.
  • It hurts to urinate.
  • You have pain and bloating that's last more than a few days.
  • Your pain is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or bloody stools.
  • You've been vomiting blood.
  • Your pain started after an abdominal injury.

If you've never had this type of pain before, even if it's mild, or can't sleep or eat because of your pain, don't wait to call your gastroenterologist.

When to visit the emergency room

Go to the emergency room if you are having trouble breathing, have severe abdominal or chest pain, or are unable to have a bowel movement. Other signs and symptoms of an emergency include yellow skin, abdominal swelling, frequent nausea, vomiting, or pain when you press on your abdomen.

What causes abdominal pain?

Many diseases and conditions can cause pain in the abdomen. Your pain could be caused by:

  • Constipation
  • Indigestion
  • A urinary tract infection
  • Appendicitis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Gallstones
  • Kidney stones
  • A ruptured aorta
  • Diverticular disease
  • Food poisoning
  • An intestinal blockage
  • A viral or bacterial infection
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • A hernia
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Endometriosis
  • Cancer

Your gastroenterologist will recommend a treatment plan based on the cause of your pain. Treatment may include antibiotics and other medications, dietary changes, intravenous fluids, surgery, or other treatments.

Do you have abdominal pain? Schedule an appointment with your gastroenterologists in Suffolk County, NY, in East Patchogue NY at Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates by calling (631) 289-0300.