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Causes and Treatments of Diarrhea

By Ravi Singh, MD
October 16, 2019




Diarrhea is the frequent passage of watery or soft stools with or without abdominal bloating, pressure and cramps. Diarrhea is somethingstomacheveryone experiences and will lead to frequent trips to the toilet and a greater volume of stool.

Signs and symptoms of diarrhea last a couple of days:

  • Watery, liquid stools
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Fever
  • Bloating and gas
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Vomiting
  • Urgent feeling or need to have a bowel movement
  • Dehydration

If diarrhea lasts for weeks, this can be a sign of a serious disorder, like inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome.

You should visit your Suffolk County gastroenterologist if you experience any or all of the following:

  • Diarrhea that persists beyond two days
  • Dehydration
  • Severe abdominal or rectal pain
  • Bloody or black stools
  • A fever above 102 degrees Fahrenheit

Treatments for Diarrhea

Adults should drink plenty of fluids and avoid things like milk because it can make diarrhea worse. Gatorade or Powerade contains electrolytes that'll help replenish your body.

If you can eat, avoid greasy or fatty foods and alcoholic beverages, and stick to the "BRAT" diet (bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast). Also, avoid strenuous exercise since it may increase the risk of dehydration. If you are pregnant, you need to consult your doctor about rehydration if you're suffering from diarrhea.

There are medications that can help. You can use anti-motility medications. Other medicines include:

  • Loperamide (Imodium)
  • Pepto-Bismol
  • Kaopectate
  • Pedialyte
  • Rehydralyte
  • Naturalyte Solution

Make sure, however, to consult your physician before taking any medications. Not all medication is suitable for toddlers and pregnant women,

By visiting your gastroenterologist, you can find the reason for your diarrhea. Your gastroenterologist will help find the cause of your symptoms and offer treatment options. For more information or to schedule an appointment with Brookhaven Gastroenterology Associates in Suffolk County, NY, call (631) 289-0300 today.

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